Three phase induction motors employ a simple construction composed of a stator protected with electromagnets, and a rotor composed of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They work on the basic principle of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it made through the use of a three-stage current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current within the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that attempts to follow stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in structure. They are more robust and can operate in any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slide rings
They are maintenance free motors unlike dc motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they do not have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Devices meaning that the rotor does not switch at the exact same speed since the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator speed is necessary in order to create the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip should be kept within an optimal range to ensure that the motor to use efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in one of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode where a order causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage modify.
Controlled Slip: a Closed Loop speed where voltage and frequency are managed in order to keep slip within a narrow range while working at a desired speed.
Field Oriented Induction in Motor Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Velocity and Torque control that works by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Find this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and function.