Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase electric motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase electric motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect generated by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is offered, a design system is included to begin the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding and no begin winding. This configuration causes a shift of the applied magnetic field in relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. chain sprocket applications include enthusiasts and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start electric motor)
Has two sets of stator windings. The “start” windings are positioned 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small fans, and blowers.
The most common single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a modified split-stage engine with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. App include small conveyors, huge blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal starting switch is necessary. Applications include enthusiasts and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.